Praseodymium – Periodic Table (Element Information & More)

Praseodymium (Pr) element Periodic table

This is a SUPER easy guide on Praseodymium element.

In fact, the table mentioned below is the perfect information box (Which gives you every single detail about the Praseodymium element in Periodic table.)

So if you want to know anything about Praseodymium element, then this guide is for you.

Let’s finish this very quickly.

Praseodymium Element (Pr) Information

Appearance of Praseodymium appearance of praseodymium
Gray white metallic
State of Praseodymium at STPSolid
Position of Praseodymium in Periodic tablepraseodymium in periodic table (Position)
Group: lanthanides, Period: 6, Block: f
Category of Praseodymium elementpraseodymium element category
Inner transition metals
Atomic number of Praseodymium, or 
Protons in Praseodymium
59
Neutrons in Praseodymium82
Electrons in Praseodymium59
Symbol of PraseodymiumPr
Atomic mass of Praseodymium Praseodymium (Pr) atomic mass
140.907 u
Electrons arrangement in Praseodymium

or 

Bohr model of Praseodymium
Bohr model of praseodymium (Electrons arrangement in praseodymium, Pr)
2, 8, 18, 21, 8, 2
Electronic configuration of Praseodymium[Xe] 4f3 6s2
Atomic radius of PraseodymiumPraseodymium (Pr) atomic radius
239 picometers (van der Waals radius)
1st Ionization energy of Praseodymium5.464 eV
Electronegativity of Praseodymium Electronegativity of praseodymium (Pr)
1.13 (Pauling scale)
Crystal structure of Praseodymiumcrystal structure of praseodymium
Double hexagonal close packed
Melting point of Praseodymium1208 K or 935 °C or 1715 °F
Boiling point of Praseodymium3403 K or 3130 °C or 5666 °F
Density of Praseodymium6.64 g/cm3
Main isotope of Praseodymium141Pr
Who discovered Praseodymium and when?Who discovered praseodymium and when?
Carl Auer von Welsbach in 1885
CAS number7440-10-0

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Praseodymium in Periodic table

Praseodymium element is in period 6 and in lanthanide group of the Periodic table. Praseodymium is the f-block element and it belongs to inner transition metals group.

Click on above elements (in Periodic table) to see their information or Visit Interactive Periodic Table (which shows names, symbol, atomic mass, electron configuration, electrons arrangement, etc. of all the elements)

Click on above elements (in Periodic table) to see their information

←Move to: Cerium (Ce) element – Periodic Table
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Why is Praseodymium in Period 6?

Why is Praseodymium in Period 6

Let me ask you a question.

How many shells does praseodymium have?

It’s 6. Right?

You have already seen the bohr model of praseodymium atom in the above table.

From the Bohr model, it can be found that the number of orbits or shells in praseodymium is 6. Hence, as praseodymium has 6 orbits, it lies in period 6 of the Periodic table. 

Why is Praseodymium in f-block?

Why is Praseodymium in f-block

Before knowing this reason, first of all I want to ask you a simple question.

How can you determine the blocks-wise position of elements?

The simple answer: The elements will lie in the s, p, d or f block will completely depend upon the subshell in which the last electron will enter.

For example; the electron configuration of praseodymium is [Xe] 6s2 4f3.

So the last electron of praseodymium enters the f-subshell or f-orbital. 

Hence, praseodymium is the f-block element.

5 Interesting facts about Praseodymium

Interesting facts about praseodymium element are mentioned below.

  1. The name praseodymium was derived from the two Greek words “prasios” and “didymos”. Prasios means green, and didymos means twin.
  2. Praseodymium was discovered by Carl Auer von Welsbach in 1885.
  3. The concentration of praseodymium in the earth’s crust is approximately 8.7 parts per million by weight.
  4. Praseodymium is a rare earth metal, but it is not actually rare in quantity. The fact is that it is spread evenly on the earth and it is very difficult to find this element at one place on the earth. Thus it is rare in the context of available resources.
  5. The yellow colored glass can be obtained by using praseodymium metal in glass manufacturing.

Properties of Praseodymium

The physical and chemical properties of praseodymium element are mentioned below.

Physical properties of Praseodymium

Physical properties of praseodymium are mentioned below.

  • Praseodymium is a soft metal that has a grey white metallic appearance.
  • This metal is ductile as well as malleable.
  • The melting point of praseodymium is 935 °C and its boiling point is 3130 °C.
  • The atomic mass of praseodymium is 140.907 u and its density is 6.64 g/cm3.
  • The crystal structure of praseodymium is Double hexagonal close packed.
  • Praseodymium has many isotopes, but out of those isotopes 141Pr is most abundant (almost 100%). Rest of the isotopes are artificially prepared in the laboratory by humans.

Chemical properties of Praseodymium

Chemical properties of praseodymium are mentioned below.

  • Praseodymium is a chemically reactive metal and hence it is not found in its free state. It is always found as a compound with other elements in the earth’s crust.
  • When praseodymium is kept open in air, it reacts with oxygen and forms a green oxide layer on it.
  • Because of the reactivity of praseodymium with air, it is always stored in a kerosene or some other protective atmosphere.
  • The common oxidation state of praseodymium is +3. But it also shows other oxidation states such as +2, +4 and +5.
  • The last electron in praseodymium enters the f-orbital and hence it is classified as a f-block element on the periodic table.
  • The first ionization energy of praseodymium is 5.464 eV.
  • The electronegativity of praseodymium is 1.13 on the Pauling scale.

Uses of Praseodymium

Uses of praseodymium are mentioned below.

  • Praseodymium is used as an alloying element with magnesium which results in a stronger metal that is used in engines of aircraft.
  • Cigarette lighters use an alloy that contains praseodymium in it.
  • Praseodymium is also used in carbon arc lighting that is used in projector lights.
  • Praseodymium is also used as a doping agent in fiber optic cables which is used to amplify the signals.

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References:
Chemical data: Wikipedia, Chemspider
Praseodymium element: Image by Jurii, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Carl Auer von Welsbach: Image credits- Wikimedia commons

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