Astatine (At) – Periodic Table (Element Information & More)

Astatine (At) element Periodic table

This is a SUPER easy guide on Astatine element.

In fact, the table mentioned below is the perfect information box (Which gives you every single detail about the Astatine element in Periodic table.)

So if you want to know anything about Astatine element, then this guide is for you.

Let’s finish this very quickly.

Astatine Element (At) Information

Appearance of AstatineDark gray (predicted)
State of Astatine at STPSolid
Position of Astatine in Periodic tableAstatine in periodic table (Position)
Group: 17, Period: 6, Block: p
Category of Astatine elementAstatine element category
Halogens
Atomic number of Astatine, or 
Protons in Astatine
85
Neutrons in Astatine125
Electrons in Astatine85
Symbol of AstatineAt
Atomic mass of Astatine (most stable isotope) Astatine (At) atomic mass
210 u
Electrons arrangement in Astatine

or 

Bohr model of Astatine
Bohr model of astatine (Electrons arrangement in astatine, At)
2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 7
Electronic configuration of Astatine [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5
Atomic radius of Astatine Astatine (At) atomic radius
202 picometers (van der Waals radius)
Valence electrons in AstatineAstatine (At) valence electrons
7
1st Ionization energy of Astatine9.5 eV
Electronegativity of Astatineelectronegativity of astatine (At)

2.2 (Pauling scale)
Crystal structure of Astatine (predicted)crystal structure of astatine (At)
FCC (face centered cubic)
Density of Astatineno data
Main isotopes of Astatine210At and 211At
Who discovered Astatine and when?Emilio Segre, Dale Corson, Kenneth Ross Mackenzie (in 1940)
CAS number7440-68-8

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Astatine in Periodic table

Astatine element is in group 17 and period 6 of the Periodic table. Astatine is the p-block element and it belongs to halogens group.

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Why is Astatine in Group 17?

Why is Astatine in Group 17

Do you know, how many electrons can be accommodated in the first shell, second shell, third shell, fourth shell, etc…?

Here is the table showing the capacity of orbits to hold electrons. 

Number of electrons in shells.

Orbit / Shell (n)Maximum no. of electrons this orbit can hold (2 × n2)
K shell, n = 12 × 1² = 2
L shell, n = 22 × 2² = 8
M shell, n = 32 × 3² = 18
N shell, n = 42 × 4² = 32
.
.
.
.
.
.

Thus, 

  • 1st shell can hold 2 electrons.
  • 2nd shell can hold 8 electrons.
  • 3rd shell can hold 18 electrons.
  • 4th shell can hold 32 electrons.

Now the atomic number of Astatine (At) is 85.

Hence the astatine element has electrons arrangement 2, 8, 18, 32, 18, 7.

This electron arrangement indicates that the outermost orbit of astatine element (At) has 7 electrons.

Hence, it lies in group 17.

Why is Astatine in Period 6?

Why is Astatine in Period 6

Let me ask you a question.

How many shells does astatine have?

It’s 6. Right? 

You have already seen the bohr model of astatine atom in the above table.

From the Bohr model, it can be found that the number of orbits or shells in astatine is 6. Hence, as astatine has 6 orbits, it lies in period 6 of the Periodic table. 

Why is Astatine in p-block?

Why is Astatine in p-block

Before knowing this reason, first of all I want to ask you a simple question.

How can you determine the blocks-wise position of elements?

The simple answer: The elements will lie in the s, p, d or f block will completely depend upon the subshell in which the last electron will enter.

For example; the electron configuration of astatine is [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2 6p5

So the last electron of astatine enters the p-subshell or p-orbital. 

Hence, astatine is the p-block element.

5 Interesting facts about Astatine

Interesting facts about astatine element are mentioned below.

  1. The name “Astatine” was derived from the Greek word “astatos”, which means unstable.
  2. Astatine is a very rare element found in the earth’s crust. Only 25 grams of astatine exist in the earth’s crust at a given time.
  3. Astatine was discovered by Emilio Segre, Dale Corson and Kenneth Ross Mackenzie in 1940.
  4. Astatine has around 32 isotopes, and all those isotopes are radioactive in nature.
  5. The longest live isotope of astatine is 210At, and it has a half life of 8.3 hours.

Properties of Astatine

The physical and chemical properties of astatine element are mentioned below.

Physical properties of Astatine

Physical properties of astatine are mentioned below.

  • The predicted appearance of astatine is dark grey color.
  • At standard temperature and pressure, astatine is in solid state.
  • The predicted atomic mass of the most stable isotope of astatine is 210 u.

Chemical properties of Astatine

Chemical properties of astatine are mentioned below.

  • Astatine is a radioactive element and it is available in very less quantity in nature.
  • When astatine reacts with metals, it forms salts. This property is similar to halogens (fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.)
  • When astatine reacts with hydrogen gas, it forms hydrogen astatide. When hydrogen astatide is dissolved in water, it forms hydroastatic acid.
  • Out of all other halogens, astatine shows least chemical reactivity and it shows more metallic nature than any other halogens.

Uses of Astatine

Uses of astatine are mentioned below.

  • Currently astatine has not much use except for the research work.
  • The isotope of astatine (211At) may be used in treatment of cancer.
  • According to some studies, astatine is also found in the thyroid gland in animals.

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References:
Chemical data: Wikipedia, Chemspider

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