Technetium – Periodic Table (Element Information & More)

Technetium (Tc) element Periodic table

This is a SUPER easy guide on Technetium element.

In fact, the table mentioned below is the perfect information box (Which gives you every single detail about the Technetium element in Periodic table.)

So if you want to know anything about Technetium element, then this guide is for you.

Let’s finish this very quickly.

Technetium Element (Tc) Information

Appearance of Technetium Appearance of technetium
Shiny gray metallic luster
State of Technetium at STPSolid
Position of Technetium in Periodic tableTechnetium in periodic table (Position)
Group: 7, Period: 5, Block: d
Category of Technetium elementTechnetium element category
Transition metals
Atomic number of Technetium, or 
Protons in Technetium
43
Neutrons in Technetium55
Electrons in Technetium43
Symbol of TechnetiumTc
Atomic mass of Technetium (most stable isotope) Technetium (Tc) atomic mass
98 u
Electrons arrangement in Technetium

or 

Bohr model of Technetium
Bohr model of technetium (Electrons arrangement in technetium, Tc)
2, 8, 18, 13, 2
Electronic configuration of Technetium[Kr] 4d5 5s2
Atomic radius of TechnetiumTechnetium (Tc) atomic radius
209 picometers (van der Waals radius)
1st Ionization energy of Technetium7.28 eV
Electronegativity of Technetium Electronegativity of technetium (Tc)
1.9 (Pauling scale)
Crystal structure of Technetiumcrystal structure of technetium
HCP (Hexagonal close packing)
Melting point of Technetium2430 K or 2157 °C or 3915 °F
Boiling point of Technetium4538 K or 4265 °C or 7709 °F
Density of Technetium11.5 g/cm3
Who discovered Technetium and when?Carlo Perrier and Emilio Segrè in 1973
CAS number7440-26-8

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Technetium in Periodic table

Technetium element is in group 7 and period 5 of the Periodic table. Technetium is the d-block element and it belongs to Transition metals group.

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Why is Technetium in Period 5?

Why is Technetium in Period 5

Let me ask you a question.

How many shells does technetium have?

It’s 5. Right? 

You have already seen the bohr model of technetium atom in the above table.

From the Bohr model, it can be found that the number of orbits or shells in technetium is 5. Hence, as technetium has 5 orbits, it lies in period 5 of the Periodic table. 

Why is Technetium in d-block?

Why is Technetium in d-block

Before knowing this reason, first of all I want to ask you a simple question.

How can you determine the blocks-wise position of elements?

The simple answer: The elements will lie in the s, p, d or f block will completely depend upon the subshell in which the last electron will enter.

For example; the electron configuration of technetium is [Kr] 5s2 4d5

So the last electron of technetium enters the d-subshell or d-orbital. 

Hence, technetium is the d-block element.

Is Technetium a Transition Metal? Why?

Is Technetium a Transition Metal

Yes, Titanium is a transition metal because it has incompletely filled d-orbital in its ground state.

Let me explain the exact meaning of this.

According to the definition of transition metals;
The element should compulsorily have incomplete d-orbitals, either in their ground state (M) or most common oxidation states (M1+, M2+, etc) then only they are called transition metals.

Now, the ground state of Technetium means its normal state in which it has neither gained nor lost any electron/s.

So the ground state of Technetium is Tc.

And the ground state electronic configuration of Technetium is [Kr] 5s2 4d5.

In this state, if we see the electron configuration of Technetium, then it possesses incomplete d-orbitals.

electron configuration of Technetium

Because, there are only five electrons in the d-orbitals. 

In order to have the complete d-orbitals, there must be 10 electrons in it.

But in the ground state electronic configuration of technetium, you can see that it has only 5 electrons in d-orbitals.

Thus, technetium has incomplete d-orbitals.

And hence, as technetium has incomplete d-orbitals, it is considered as a transition metal.

5 Interesting facts about Technetium

Interesting facts about technetium element are mentioned below.

  1. The name technetium was derived from the Greek word “technetos” meaning artificial.
  2. Technetium is a radioactive element and it is artificially prepared by humans.
  3. Initially, this element was named as masurium. But later on it was named technetium.
  4. Technetium is a very rare element and it is believed to be found in different types of stars.
  5. Technetium is the first artificially made element present in the periodic table.

Properties of Technetium

The physical and chemical properties of technetium element are mentioned below.

Physical properties of Technetium

Physical properties of technetium are mentioned below.

  • Technetium is a solid metal having silvery grey metallic lustre.
  • The melting point of technetium is 2157 °C and its boiling point is 4265 °C.
  • The atomic mass of the most stable isotope of technetium is 98 u and its density is 11.5 g/cm3.
  • The crystal structure of technetium is HCP (Hexagonal close packing).

Chemical properties of Technetium

Chemical properties of technetium are mentioned below.

  • Technetium has incomplete d-orbitals, and hence it is classified as a transition metal on periodic table.
  • Technetium has some isotopes whose half-life is only a few hours, while some isotopes have a half-life of 200,000 years to over a million years.
  • Most common oxidation states of technetium are +7, +5 and +4.
  • Technetium is soluble in nitric acid as well as concentrated sulphuric acid, but it is not soluble in hydrochloric acid.

Uses of Technetium

Uses of technetium are mentioned below.

  • Technetium acts as a very good super conductor at the temperature below 11 K.
  • The isotope 99Tc is used in medical radioactive isotope tests.
  • The technetium is also used in small proportions in manufacturing of steels, which protects steel from corrosion.

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References:
Chemical data: Wikipedia, Chemspider
Technetium element: Image by GFDL, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

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