Berkelium (Bk) – Periodic Table (Element Information & More)

Berkelium (Bk) element Periodic table

This is a SUPER easy guide on Berkelium element.

In fact, the table mentioned below is the perfect information box (Which gives you every single detail about the Berkelium element in Periodic table.)

So if you want to know anything about Berkelium element, then this guide is for you.

Let’s finish this very quickly.

Berkelium Element (Bk) Information

Appearance of Berkelium appearance of berkelium
Silvery white
State of Berkelium at STPSolid
Position of Berkelium in Periodic tableberkelium in periodic table (Position)
Group: actinides, Period: 7, Block: f
Category of Berkelium elementBerkelium element category
Inner transition metals
Atomic number of Berkelium, or 
Protons in Berkelium
97
Neutrons in Berkelium150
Electrons in Berkelium97
Symbol of Berkelium Bk
Atomic mass of Berkelium (most stable isotope) berkelium (Bk) atomic mass
247 u
Electrons arrangement in Berkelium

or 

Bohr model of Berkelium
Bohr model of berkelium (Electrons arrangement in berkelium, Bk)
2, 8, 18, 32, 27, 8, 2
Electronic configuration of Berkelium[Rn] 5f9 7s2
Atomic radius of BerkeliumBerkelium (Bk) atomic radius
244 picometers (van der Waals radius)
1st Ionization energy of Berkelium6.23 eV
Electronegativity of Berkelium Electronegativity of Berkelium (Bk)
1.3 (Pauling scale)
Crystal structure of Berkeliumcrystal structure of berkelium
DHCP (Double hexagonal close packed)
Melting point of Berkelium1259 K or 986 °C or 1807 °F
Density of Berkelium14.79 g/cm3
Main isotopes of Berkelium247Bk and 249Bk
Who discovered Berkelium and when?Glenn T. Seaborg, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street Jr. and Stanley G. Thompson (in 1949)
CAS number7440-40-6

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Berkelium in Periodic table

Berkelium element is in period 7 and in actinides group of the Periodic table. Berkelium is the f-block element and it belongs to inner transition metals group.

Click on above elements (in Periodic table) to see their information or Visit Interactive Periodic Table (which shows names, symbol, atomic mass, electron configuration, electrons arrangement, etc. of all the elements)

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Why is Berkelium in Period 7?

Why is Berkelium in Period 7

Let me ask you a question.

How many shells does berkelium have?

It’s 7. Right?

You have already seen the bohr model of berkelium atom in the above table.

From the Bohr model, it can be found that the number of orbits or shells in berkelium is 7. Hence, as berkelium has 7 orbits, it lies in period 7 of the Periodic table. 

Why is Berkelium in f-block?

Why is Berkelium in f-block

Before knowing this reason, first of all I want to ask you a simple question.

How can you determine the blocks-wise position of elements?

The simple answer: The elements will lie in the s, p, d or f block will completely depend upon the subshell in which the last electron will enter.

For example; the electron configuration of berkelium is [Rn] 5f9 7s2.

So the last electron of berkelium enters the f-subshell or f-orbital. 

Hence, berkelium is the f-block element.

5 Interesting facts about Berkelium

Interesting facts about berkelium element are mentioned below.

  1. As this element was discovered in the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California, it was named “Berkelium”.
  2. Berkelium was discovered by Glenn T. Seaborg, Albert Ghiorso, Kenneth Street Jr. and Stanley G. Thompson in 1949. [1]
  3. Berkelium is a synthetic element which can only be prepared in a laboratory, and till now a very small amount of berkelium has been produced.
  4. Berkelium has around 20 isotopes and all of them are radioactive in nature.
  5. Out of all the isotopes of berkelium, the isotope 247Bk, has a longest half life of 1380 years.

Properties of Berkelium

The physical and chemical properties of berkelium element are mentioned below.

Physical properties of Berkelium

Physical properties of berkelium are mentioned below.

  • Berkelium is solid at STP and has a silvery metallic appearance
  • At room temperature, the crystal structure of berkelium is double hexagonal close packed. But at higher temperatures, this crystal structure changes to face centered cubic.
  • The atomic mass of the most stable isotope of berkelium is 247 u and its density is 14.79 g/cm3.
  • The melting point of berkelium is 986 °C which is less than its preceding element curium (1340 °C) and higher than its succeeding element californium (900 °C).

Chemical properties of Berkelium

Chemical properties of berkelium are mentioned below.

  • Berkelium is reactive to oxygen and forms a thin oxide layer at higher temperature.
  • Berkelium dissolves in aqueous mineral acids and during this reaction, it liberates hydrogen gas.
  • In aqueous state, berkelium exists in its trivalent state (+3).
  • Berkelium also shows reaction with hydrogen, halogens, as well as molten metals.

Uses of Berkelium

Berkelium is generally used for research work in chemistry. Berkelium does not have more commercial uses due to its radioactive nature.

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References:
Chemical data: Wikipedia, Chemspider
Bk element: Image by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, US Department of Energy, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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