Platinum (Pt) – Periodic Table (Element Information & More)

Platinum (Pt) element Periodic table

This is a SUPER easy guide on Platinum element.

In fact, the table mentioned below is the perfect information box (Which gives you every single detail about the Platinum element in Periodic table.)

So if you want to know anything about Platinum element, then this guide is for you.

Let’s dive right into it!

Platinum Element (Pt) Information

Appearance of Platinum appearance of platinum
Silvery white metallic
State of Platinum at STPSolid
Position of Platinum in Periodic tableplatinum in periodic table (Position)
Group: 10, Period: 6, Block: d
Category of Platinum elementplatinum element category
Transition metals
Atomic number of Platinum, or 
Protons in Platinum
78
Neutrons in Platinum117
Electrons in Platinum78
Symbol of PlatinumPt
Atomic mass of Platinum Platinum (Pt) atomic mass
195.08 u
Electrons arrangement in Platinum

or 

Bohr model of Platinum
Bohr model of platinum (Electrons arrangement in platinum, Pt)
2, 8, 18, 32, 17, 1
Electronic configuration of Platinum[Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1
Atomic radius of PlatinumPlatinum (Pt) atomic radius
209 picometers (van der Waals radius)
1st Ionization energy of Platinum9 eV
Electronegativity of Platinum Electronegativity of platinum (Pt)
2.28 (Pauling scale)
Crystal structure of Platinumcrystal structure of platinum
FCC (Face centered cubic)
Melting point of Platinum2041 K or 1768 °C or 3214 °F
Boiling point of Platinum4098 K or 3825 °C or 6917 °F
Density of Platinum21.45 g/cm3
Main isotope of Platinum195Pt
Who discovered Platinum and when?Who discovered platinum and when?
Antonio de Ulloa (in 1735)
CAS number7440-06-4

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Platinum in Periodic table

Platinum element is in group 10 and period 6 of the Periodic table. Platinum is the d-block element and it belongs to transition metals group.

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Why is Platinum in Period 6?

Why is Platinum in Period 6

Let me ask you a question.

How many shells does platinum atom have?

It’s 6. Right? 

You have already seen the bohr model of platinum atom in the above table.

From the Bohr model, it can be found that the number of orbits or shells in platinum is 6. Hence, as platinum has 6 orbits, it lies in period 6 of the Periodic table.

Why is Platinum in d-block?

Why is Platinum in d-block

Before knowing this reason, first of all I want to ask you a simple question.

How can you determine the blocks-wise position of elements?

The simple answer: The elements will lie in the s, p, d or f block will completely depend upon the subshell in which the last electron will enter.

For example; the electron configuration of platinum is [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1

So the last electron of platinum enters the d-subshell or d-orbital. 

Hence, platinum is the d-block element.

Is Platinum a Transition Metal? Why?

Is Platinum a Transition Metal

Yes, Platinum is a transition metal because it has incompletely filled d-orbital in its ground state.

Let me explain the exact meaning of this.

According to the definition of transition metals;
The element should compulsorily have incomplete d-orbitals, either in their ground state (M) or most common oxidation states (M1+, M2+, etc) then only they are called transition metals.

Now, the ground state of Platinum means its normal state in which it has neither gained nor lost any electron/s.

So the ground state of Platinum is Pt.

And the ground state electronic configuration of Platinum is [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1.

In this state, if we see the electron configuration of Platinum, then it possesses incomplete d-orbitals.

electron configuration of Platinum

Because, there are only nine electrons in the d-orbitals (here 5d orbitals). 

In order to have the complete d-orbitals, there must be 10 electrons in it.

But in the ground state electronic configuration of platinum, you can see that it has only 9 electrons in d-orbitals.

Thus, Platinum has incomplete d-orbitals.

And hence, as Platinum has incomplete d-orbitals, it is considered as a transition metal.

5 Interesting facts about Platinum

Interesting facts about platinum element are mentioned below.

  1. The name “Platinum” was derived from the Spanish word “platina”, which means “little silver”.
  2. Platinum is a very rare metal found from the earth’s crust. The concentration of platinum in the earth’s crust is around 5 parts per billion.
  3. South Africa is the leading producer of platinum in the entire world.
  4. More than 50% of the total platinum production is used in catalytic converters. And around 30% of platinum is used in jewelry. [1]
  5. The quantity of platinum in meteors and moon rocks is more than the quantity of platinum available on the earth.

Properties of Platinum

The physical and chemical properties of platinum element are mentioned below.

Physical properties of Platinum

Physical properties of platinum are mentioned below.

  • Platinum is a silvery white precious metal that has a lustrous surface. Hence platinum is also known as “white gold”.
  • Platinum is a ductile as well as malleable metal.
  • The melting point and boiling point of platinum are 1768 °C and 3825 °C respectively.
  • The crystal structure of platinum is FCC (face centered cubic).
  • There are many isotopes of platinum, but out of those isotopes, the most abundant isotope is 195Pt (which has an abundance of approximately 33.7%).

Chemical properties of Platinum

Chemical properties of platinum are mentioned below.

  • Platinum is highly resistive to corrosion and it does not react with oxygen even at high temperatures.
  • Platinum is chemically very less reactive, but it dissolves in hot aqua regia and forms chloroplatinic acid.
  • The electronic configuration of platinum is [Xe] 4f14 5d9 6s1, which shows that it has incomplete d-orbitals. Because of this reason, platinum is classified as a transition metal on the periodic table.

Uses of Platinum

Uses of platinum are mentioned below.

  • As platinum is highly resistive to corrosion and oxidation, it is used in jewelry.
  • Platinum is a precious metal and hence it is used in currency as well as it is also used as an investment.
  • The international standard kilogram weight was made of platinum iridium alloy. It contains 90% platinum and 10% iridium.
  • Platinum is used in catalytic converters which converts the harmful emissions from the exhaust into less harmful gases.

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References:
Chemical data: Wikipedia, Chemspider
Platinum element: Image by Periodictableru, CC BY 3.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Antonio de Ulloa: Image by Andrés Cortés y Aguilar , Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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