Why are there 7 periods in the periodic table? (Very Simple)

The reason why there are 7 periods in the Periodic table is mentioned below:

  • Periods indicates the number of orbits. And out of the 118 known elements, no element is having more than 7 orbits.
  • Element/s with atomic number greater than 118 is/are not discovered yet, thus there are only 7 periods in Periodic table.

(Note: Right now, there are 7 periods in the Periodic table. In future, there may be more than 7 periods in the Periodic table after the discovery of new elements.)

Let me explain all these things to you in a simple way.

You know that the period number indicates the number of orbits in an element.

For example, Lithium and helium are in period 1. So they have only 1 orbit (or shell).

period 1 in periodic table


Period 2 elements have 2 orbits.

Period 3 elements have 3 orbits.




Period 7 elements have 7 orbits.

All the known elements are adjusted in these 7 periods.

There is no element present till now, whose electrons enter in the 8th orbit.

Hence out of all the natural and synthetic elements (laboratory made elements), there is no such element which shows the electrons in 8th orbit.

In other words, elements with atomic number higher than 118 does not exist right now. So there are only 7 periods till today.

If new elements with atomic number higher than 118 will be discovered in future, then it will be placed in the 8th period of the Periodic table.

In 1969, Glenn T Seaborg had suggested the Periodic table with 8 rows having a new g-block, which may include many more elements (even more than the elements in 7th period, because of new g-orbitals in the atoms.)

But this is just a hypothetical approach. The fact is that there is no element discovered yet whose atomic number is higher than 118.

So just chill for now (2022) !!!

I hope you have clearly understood the reason why there are only 7 periods on the Periodic table.

Let me know in the comments, whether this has helped you or not?

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  • Jay

    Jay holds the roles of an author and editor at Periodic Table Guide, leveraging his ability to provide clear explanations on typically unexciting topics related to periodic table. He is passionate to help student, and he finds immense joy in his endeavors to make learning enjoyable and accessible. You can connect with him on facebook and twitter.

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